You are probably familiar with common medical procedures and tests such as MRIs, biopsies, EKGs, and colonoscopies. However, if your physician informs you that you require an ERCP, which refers to endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, you will likely need clarification. An ERCP Anchorage is a safe, noninvasive technique to treat pancreatic and bile duct disorders. The procedure addresses these upper gastrointestinal-related conditions through a tiny, flexible tube that examines the stomach and esophagus. Continue reading to learn what you should know about an ERCP, including what the procedure involves, how to prepare, and any risks you should expect.
What Are the Common Reasons to Consider an ERCP?
ERCP treatments address the duodenum, the initial portion of the small intestine. Here, food from the stomach mixes with enzymes from your pancreas and bile from your gallbladder. Pancreatic enzymes and bile are transported to the duodenum via tubes or ducts. If these ducts become clogged or constricted, ERCP can restore the flow of these vital fluids.
One major reason to consider an ERCP is a bile duct stone. These stones arise primarily in the gallbladder and go to a duct. Other causes of duct obstruction include pancreatic cancer and other malignancies. Occasionally, the bile duct could leak fluid after trauma or surgery.
What to Expect with an ERCP Procedure?
Consider an endoscopy comparable to minimally invasive surgery. During the ERCP, an endoscope is gently inserted into the mouth and advanced down the esophagus to the desired location in the digestive tract, which is the duodenum. Therefore, ERCP endoscopes are often known as duodenoscopes.
Utilizing the duodenoscope’s camera and light, physicians direct the instrument into position while pumping air into the duodenum and stomach to enlarge the area and improve visibility. The physician then utilizes the scope to administer a dye into the ducts, making them detectable for X-ray imaging and helping create a “road map” for them.
After identifying the problem, instruments are introduced via the duodenoscope to open constricted or blocked ducts. These procedures also remove or break up stones, conduct a biopsy, insert stents and remove tumors.
How Is the Experience of an ERCP?
Discuss with your physician about necessary preparations for an ERCP, such as fasting or temporarily missing medications. You should also plan for transportation home after the procedure, as most treatments are done under sedation.
During the one to two-hour treatment, your doctor will continuously monitor you. After the sedation wears off and your specialist is convinced you are not at risk of complications, you can head home. You will learn the outcomes of your procedure almost instantly. However, it may take longer to acquire test results if you need a biopsy.
Are There Any Risks?
ERCPs are commonly regarded as safe and effective. You may have acute nausea or bloating after an ERCP. A sore throat is typical for two days, or you may have difficulty swallowing. Therefore, soft foods and drinks are recommended until you feel normal again.
The only major complications associated with an ERCP are excessive bleeding, infections, and pancreatitis. In these cases, hospitalization is necessary.
An ERCP is a highly effective treatment for gastrointestinal disorders, especially those affecting the pancreas and gall bladder. However, this procedure will not be appropriate for everybody as the treatment may bear some risks. Thus, before undertaking the treatment, consult your provider.